Vital vst Masterclass Module 1 - Wavetable Editing [Tutorial]

Welcome to the first chapter of the Vital Masterclass, In this chapter, we will talk about Wavetable Editing in Vital.

A Quick Introduction to the Vital Wavetable Window

The Oscillators in Vital are wavetable. On the top, you have the Wavetable selector, On the bottom right, you can find this pencil tool that opens up the editor, and on the bottom left you can set the wavetable view to 2D, 3D, and SP(Sound Preview), a function that shows the output of the oscillator.

Vital Tutorial - Importing Single wave cycles and Wavetables

Vital uses the FFT 2048 import mode by default which you can change from the edit window, FFT stands for 'Fast Fourier Transform' a mathematical algorithm that builds the basis of the modern digital world, we will talk about it in detail during the Serum masterclass.

Here 2048 means the sample rate. You need to understand about sample rate in order to import single wave cycles.

Basically, when you zoom in on an audio waveform, you will find little dots connected by little lines, these dots are called samples. FFT 2048 basically means that Vital will break the wavetable after each 2048 sample or dot.

This information comes in handy while importing single wave cycles. By default when you import a single wave cycle, the entire wave is converged in the left corner, that's because the sample rate of this single wave cycle is only between 50-500, while Vital is using 2048. Vital makes up for the rest of 1500 samples by inserting a silence. This is a big drawback of Vital Oscillators, For Single wave cycles, vital is like those parents who pressurize their kids to complete with the most intelligent kid in the school...Even if he just wanna be a music producer.

As a fellow music producer, we gotta help our single wave cycle friend here and teach his parents, the vital lesson to turn down the expectation meter a bit.

Jokes aside, it's very easy. When you import an external single wave cycle, vital edit window introduces new settings. One of which is window size, this option allows you to set the sample rate of your imported waveform. You can use it to decide where to break your wavetables or single wave cycles.

Wavetable Source in Vital

There are three types of wavetable sources in Vital,

  1. Audio File Source

  2. Wave Source

  3. Line Source

Let's discuss them one by one

Audio File Source

This source uses an audio file as the source of the wavetable, you can drag and drop your wavetables either on the oscillator or the editor window.

Blending Modes for Audio File Source

During wavetable import, Vital gives extra options to determine the relation among sub-tables.

These are the main Blending modes

1. None

The sub-tables remain unaffected, i.e. the wavetable is played in its original form and frames.

2. File Blend

The shape of sub-tables are affected by their neighboring table. In this mode, the wavetables lose their original shape and adopt a little waveshape from their neighboring sub-table.

This function has an associated option called windows fade, this option controls how much the sub-tables will affect each other. it however does not affect other blending modes.

3. Time

Time is your traditional crossfade equivalent. It simply makes the sub-table fade in and out.

4. Spectral

In spectral mode, the phase of sub-tables plays an important role to decide the blended wavetable. Basically, the neighboring sub-tables share phases with each other and create a hybrid phase information. In time mode the phase almost remains unaffected. But in spectral, there is a violent change of phase information throughout the wavetable.

This violent phase change sometimes can be bad for mixing, especially the bass. Thankfully, Vital has another feature that counters this problem, The Pase Style.

Phase Styles in Audio File Source

There are 3 phase styles in Vital.